We consider it highly essential for the young generation of Bank employees to be conversant with the history of Bank employees' Trade Union Movement and the evolution and growth of NCBE so that the reviling critics are forcefully answered back and the boastful claims of adversaries are rebutted adroitly. It is a matter of pride that pioneers in the history of Bank Employees' Trade Union Movement, the first and foremost among the Bank: Employees' Trade Union Movement are the predecessors of the All India State Bank of India Staff Federation - The Imperial Bank of India Indian Staff Association that was formed in 1920 much before the advent of Indian Trade Unions Act in 1926.
The pioneers of Trade Union Movement worked with missionary zeal, sacrificed their lot to build up the Trade Union Movement of Bank employees and, in their pursuit of the twin-goals of Nation's independence and amelioration of Bank employees, led crusades of Bank employees and were instrumental in formation of AlBEA in 1946. In fact, it would be a surprise for many to know that the first General Secretary of AlBEA was one of the pioneering Trade Union leaders of State Bank of India Employees' Trade Union Movement, Com. Roshan Lal Malhotra.
But, unfortunately, the united movement of the Bank employees was shattered by the political stooges within AlBEA. In their pursuit to further their partisan interests, they resorted to undemocratic functioning, throttling of genuine voice of
dissent through deceit, trickery, double dealings and double talk. An honest pursuit of Bank employees' interests assumed lesser role than the pursuit of party politics.
Hence, in 1954 the All India Imperial Bank of India Staff Federation seceded from AIBEA. All India Bank of Baroda Employees' Federation also seceded from AlBEA soon thereafter in 1960. The All India Indian Overseas Bank Employees' Union remained independent right from its inception but was never a part of AIBEA. All these three organisations began functioning independently on Non-Party Independent lines, shedding away remote control of the Organisations by any political lackeys.
Though all these Unions were not functioning under one Banner, yet a common thread was running through each one of them -- the ideological akinness to keep the Bank employees' Trade Unions away from narrow partisan party politics and to stop exploitation of Bank employees by the political parties to further their own vested interests.
NUBE (National Union of Bank Employees) is the predecessor of NCBE. To know the history of NCBE we shall have to go delve into the history of birth of NUBE.
The trade scene in the banking industry during the Seventies presented a gloomy scene. There were divisions of every possible description. The glorious days of the Bank Employees movement in the Fifties were only sad reminders of opportunities lost and the possibilities of forging united movement with all bank employees in the banking sector were found to be an impossible task.
The All India State Bank of India Staff Federation - commanding the overwhelming majority of the workmen staff employed in the Bank - was committed to non-political independent trade unionism and kept its activities confined to the sphere of the State Bank only. In 1969 the Government of India nationalised 14 major commercial banks in the country which brought about a new challenging situation in the Banking Industry.
The Bank employees who were demanding Bank nationalisation, now found a new responsibility in fulfilling the objectives of Bank nationalisation, an opportunity to build the national economy. Bank employees' unions aspired for a standardisation of wages and service conditions of all Bank employees in the country. To achieve the goal it was imperative to raise a national trade union platform of the bank employees to voice their demands and to ensure expansion of union banking policy for the upliftment of the have-nots of the country.
The banking activities took a new direction so far as recruitment pattern was concerned in view of the greater rural bias in the banking industry. The new banking environment after bank nationalisation necessitated to evolve a new pattern of industrial relation to suit the new situation and for determination of collective bargaining agents for the employees.
In the aftermath of Nationalisation of 14 Commercial Banks in 1969, all the above-stated Unions akin to each other in their ideological orientation and approach came together and formed National Union of Bank Employees, popularly known as 'NUBE' on the 26th January, 1970, exclusively bringing within its purview the Bank employees Organisations operating in public sector Banks. Before formation of NUBE, invitations were sent to all the Unions operating in the Banking Industry imploring them that in the aftermath lf achieving the long pending demand of the Unions in the Banking Industry far Nationalisation of Banks, a great historical responsibility is cast an the employees of the Nationalised Banks to serve the Nation through Unions free from petty party politics and that serving the cause of the Nation through Nationalised Banks is sacred and this objective can be achieved only through independent approach by the Unions free from throttling political indoctrination and ideological considerations.
The pioneers of NUBE forecasted with greater foresight, wisdom and maturity, that the paramount need in the days ahead will be to forge a strong Organisation of Bank employees as the common source of determining the fate of the Bank employees would, in future, be the Government and to meet the might of the Government, greater unity of Bank employees will be needed.
Against this backdrop on the 10th September 1969 a letter was sent by All India State Bank of India' Staff Federation to different Unions functioning in public sector banking industry calling upon them to form an organisation with the sole object of providing a common platform exclusively for all the employees in the nationalised banks-so as to enable these employees to lead their own destiny.
LETTER OF 10TH SEPTEMBER, 1969 ADDRESSED BY ALL INDIA STATE BANK OF INDIA STAFF FEDERATION TO UNIONS FUNCTIONING IN PUBLIC SECTOR BANKING INDUSTRY
NATIONALISATION OF THE BANKS AND THE TASKS AHEAD
Ever since the attainment of independence of the country, all progressive sections of the people in general and the Bank employees in particular have been persistently demanding nationalisation of the private banks with a view to curb the growth of monopoly capital, ensure equitable distribution of bank credits and reorient the banking policies conforming to the plan priorities of the country. Although the Government was fully impressed about the par-amount need to nationalise the Banks and accepted it as a matter of principle, there was perceptible hesitation on its part to take such a radical measure particularly in view of the naked hostility displayed by the Big Capitalists against such a step and the matter was allowed to rest under placid waters till an opportune moment emerged.
The two decades that followed saw an accelerated pace of industrial development resulting in gigantic growth of trade and industries. The vast rural areas in the country - particularly the agricultural sector continued to remain neglected and under-developed as ever. Banking companies leaning solely upon the big industries prospered beyond any imagination during the period. The total bank deposit shot up more than five times as compared to the deposit controlled by the Bank in pre-independence days. The entire fruits of this prosperity were fully exploited and used to their advantage by a few big tycoons, with the result - the rich became richer and the poor poorer.
The ruling party which had dedicated itself to bring about a socialist state had to, from time to time, face bitterest criticism for allowing such state of affairs to continue and, being pressed by the democratic forces, both within and outside the party, it sought to temporize matters with half-hearted measures - such as, restrictions on Import-Exports trades, social control over the Bank etc.
In this background, the action of the Government in nationalizing 14 major banks in the country has been warmly hailed and welcomed by all sections of the society - barring an infinitesimal section representing vested interests, as a dynamic step towards socialism.
The change in the outlook of the Government and, the reshaping of policies in new directions have brought renewed hopes and raised new aspirations in the minds of the toiling millions - particularly to those belonging to the weaker sections of the community.
The bank employees had been the first to welcome the measure with all enthusiasm they could command and they hastened to assure the Government to co-operate fully and do all that may be necessary for successful implementation of the measure.
The All India State Bank of India Staff Federation - representing 48,000 employees of the Bank feels immensely happy that the area of public sector in banking industry has widened and it opens up its arms to embrace the 95,000 employees belonging to these 14 nationalised banks as dear colleagues and members of the same family.
Nationalisation has, however, created new situations, posed new challenges and bestowed on us an enormous responsibility. The whole purpose of the nationalisation would be defeated if the objectives as set out behind the nationalisation are not correctly understood and if these are not implemented with a proper spirit and as an avowed mission. The great responsibility that we have undertaken must be duly appreciated and discharged adequately as a sacred duty.
The much-maligned "efficiency and service" in respect of public institutions shall have to be adequately countered and we have every confidence that the Bank employees in public sector will squarely meet this challenge and dispel this misconceived notion altogether.
All these will largely depend on the quality of "Industrial Relation" that may develop in this sector, the bargaining power that the employees are able to wield and the influence generation from an impregnable collective force that the employees can assert over the combined strength of the Government and the Management. Simultaneously, with the active participation in all plans and programmes of activities of the nationalised Banks, the employees in this sector shall have to combine themselves and work hard in a collective and planned manner for the fulfillment of their own hopes and aspirations which have been belied to them so far. Effective plans and programmes will have to be chalked out to secure better living conditions for the employees - to remove anomalies and hardships which the employees have been subjected to, and to secure identical wages and improved and uniform service conditions for all the bank employees in the public sector. One could hardly expect to achieve success in these directions by making piece meal efforts.
We particularly draw your attention to the following issues emerging out of the nationalisation of the Banks which are required to be tackled immediately:-
i) The role of the trade unions in the nationalised sector of the Banking Industry for achieving the objectives of the nationalisation;
ii) The need to bring about standardisation in service conditions;
iii) Wage-structure for the nationalised Banks;
iv) Bank expansion programme and the employees' and the Union's role in the same having due regard to the hazards and financial implications that may inevitably cause, owing to mobility of the staff.
v) Training programmes of the Bank personnel;
vi) Recruitment pattern in view of the greater rural bias in the banking activities will take hereafter;
vii) Promotion Policy in the new situation arising out of rapid expansion of branches and various new fields of activities that the Banks will undertake;
viii) Fixation of norms of work for employees in rural and semi urban centre;
ix) The nature of regional/local set-up on which employees can be given representation and be associated with Bank functioning.
x) The role of the Unions and employees in prospecting developmental opportunities in the priority sectors;
xi) The role that the Bank employees can play in organising associations or guilds of artisans in rural areas - in providing organisational know how and assistance in running these organisations;
xii) The role of the employees in formulation and execution of the credit policies;
xiii) To ensure that the Managements of the nationalised banks carry out the new credit policies without any circumvention.
The All India State Bank of India Staff Federation has given very serious and careful consideration to the issues mentioned above and it holds a firm view that these issues cannot be effectively and successfully tackled unless all the employees in nationalised commercial banks combine and raise an organisation to deal with exclusively the problems of the employees in the public sector banks which would be typical in their very nature.
You will please appreciate that the problems peculiar to the public sector banks cannot be effectively handled by monolithic organisations that are existing today with diversified interests to serve.
The supreme need of the hour to build up such an exclusive organisation for the employees of nationalised banks cannot be over-emphasized and we earnestly believe that our approach will be viewed with a clear vision and in its proper perspective. We hasten to add that it is not our intention to build up another monolithic organisation or to encroach upon the sphere of any body or to secure a predominant position either for us or for anyone else in the trade union field of the banking industry.
The sole object of our approach is to provide a common platform exclusively for the employees in the nationalised banks, as commanded by the changed situation - so as to enable these employees to lead their own destiny. We state for clarity that the proposed organisation shall cover the State Bank of India and its subsidiaries and the 14 nationalised banks. The All India State Bank of India Staff Federation - representing 48,000 employees in the premier public-sector bank of the country - which constitutes about one third of the total strength of the Bank employees in the country - and having rich experience in the matter of handling problems relating to the employees of a public-sector Bank, rightly feels it to be its solemn duty to take the lead in initiating measures in this regard and approach the new members of the family with a clear and open mind.
We would, therefore, earnestly appeal to you, with all humility at our command, to consider the matter in a cool and objective manner and advise us your views in respect thereof - as early as possible. We expectantly look forward to your full and active co-operation in the formation and growth of the Organisation that we have in view and alluded above. We shall be pleased to meet and discuss with you the details of the proposal at such a place and time as may be mutually convenient.
With warm fraternal greetings,
Response of the letter from All India State Bank of India Staff Federation, dated the 10th September 1969 was quite encouraging.
On the 26th January 1970 National Union of Bank Employees (NUBE) was born in Bombay.
Following five organisations met at Bombay on the 26th to 28th January 1970.
1. All India State Bank of India Staff Federation
2. All India Bank Employees' Federation.
3. All India Bank of Baroda Employees Federation.
4. All India Indian Overseas Bank Employees Union.
5. Canara Bank Staff Union.
The dominant character of NUBE as envisaged by the founding members:
1. Each constituent member can deal with the Management that it is concerned with in the manner that it thinks fit, keeping in view the national perspective of NUBE.
2. Full participation of the rank and file in the functioning of their Unions.
3. Development of Trade Union Cadre on a big scale.
4. Decentralisation of decision making process and even development of the trade unions.
After the convention of NUBE on the 26th January 1970, the Press Release issued on the 29th January 1970 from Bombay, announced the birth of National Union of Bank Employees.
Press Release issued on the 29th January, 1970 from Bombay announcing the birth of National Union of Bank Employees
All India State Bank of India Staff Federation, All India Bank Employees' Federation, All India Bank of Baroda Employees' Federation, All India Indian Overseas Bank Employees' Union and Canara Bank Staff Union, which are independent organisations of Bank Employees in India and which are against domination of trade unions by political parties or groups, had a series of meetings with a view to consider the need for the formation of an all India composite organisation of Bank Employees, which shall be independent in nature and which shall cater to the needs of employees in public sector banking exclusively. At present, there are 22 banks in the public sector apart from the two banks which are under moratorium and whose amalgamation with the State Bank of India is underway.
The experience of bank employees in the public sector is that an organisation which can look after them exclusively has been found to be absolutely necessary.
Further, political domination of bank employees' organisations at the regional and the national level had dragged the employees into political controversies resulting in the division of their ranks.
Therefore, the above named five organisations met at Bombay on 26th, 27th and 28th January, 1970 and decided upon the formation of an All India Organisation whose dominant characteristics shall be :-
1. Its coverage shall be confined to the public sector banking industry;
2. It shall shun dabbling in political affairs;
3. It shall have internal leadership;
4. Its approach to industrial relations problems and the obligations of the industry to the country shall be responsible and constructive and its attitude shall be fully vigilant as regards the interests of the employees.
The above five organisations also felt that, inter-alia the following problems; confronting the public sector banking industry and the Unions therein, require a new organisation with an awareness of its manifold obligations in the new context in which the banking industry functions now.
1. The role of the trade unions in the nationlised sector of the Banking Industry for achieving the objectives of the nationalisation;
2. The need to bring standardisation in service conditions;
3. Wage-structure for the nationalised Banks;
4. Bank expansion programme and the employees' and the Union's role in the same having due regard to the hazards and financial implications that may inevitably cause owing to mobility of the Staff;
5. Training programmes of the Bank personnel;
6. Recruitment pattern in view of the greater rural bias the banking activities will take hereinafter;
7. Promotion policy in the new situation arising out of rapid expansion of branches and various new fields of activities that the Banks will undertake;
8. Fixation of norms of work for employees in rural and semi urban centres;
9. The nature of regional/local set up on which employees can be given representation and the associated with bank functioning;
10. The role of the Unions and employees in prospecting developmental opportunities in the priority sectors;
11. The role that the Bank employees can play in organising associations or guilds of artisans in rural areas - in providing organisational know-how and assistance in running these organisations.
12. The role of the employees in formulation and execution of the credit policies;
13. To ensure that the Managements of the nationalised banks carry out the new credit policies without any circumvention.
The new organisation that is decided to be set up shall be known as "NATIONAL UNION OF BANK EMPLOYEES". Regular organisational shape will be given to the division in a convention of Bank Employees' Unions from all over India to be held very shortly.
A preparatory Committee has been set up to make arrangements for the convention.
The first convention of NUBE was held on 22nd and 23rd March 1970.
A large number of representatives of All India State Bank of India Staff Federation, All India Bank of Baroda Employees' Federation, All India Indian Overseas Bank Employees' Union, Canara Bank Staff Union and a number of bank-wise and regional unions functioning in the 14 nationalised banks, subsidiaries of State Bank of India and Reserve Bank of India met in a convention at Bombay on 22nd and 23rd March, 1970. The convention was called in order to adopt a constitution for NUBE, to formulate organisational perspective and policies, to decide the demands for revision of pay scales and other service conditions and the strategy to be adopted to achieve this demand, question of Bonus to employees, recognition to NUBE as the collective bargaining agent for the employees in the Public Sector Banking Industry and to elect office-bearers.
The convention provided an opportunity for trade union workers in Banking Industry all over the country to come together and consider various problems facing the trade union movement of Bank employees and to rejuvenate the movement by placing before the employees correct guidelines and also to consider the steps to be taken to free the trade union movement from the grip of political elements. The members of the Unions from Bombay which participated in the convention did a great deal of work in preparation for the convention.
The attendance at the convention far exceeded the expectations of the Convenors. The proceedings of the convention revealed that the Bank Employees in the country have been yearning for an organisation which would objectively represent their aspirations and which would function on non-political lines.
The inaugural session of the convention was addressed by Com. Mohanlal Mazumdar, President of All India State Bank of India Staff Federation who also presided over the proceedings of the convention on both the days. Com. V. N. Sekhri, General Secretary, All India Bank Employees' Federation, Com. S. R. Chandrashekaran, President, All India Indian Overseas Bank Employees' Union, Com. K. J. Dixit, President, Canara Bank Staff Union, Com. Nirmal Chowdhury, General Secretary, All India State Bank of India Staff Federation, Com. Charles Coutto, General Secretary, State Bank of India and subsidiary Banks' Employees' Union, Com. M. Rajagopal, General Secretary, All India Bank of Baroda Employees' Federation, addressed the inaugural session.
The speakers narrated their unhappy experiences as regards the manner in which the interests of the Bank Employees are being bartered away for political purposes. They also explained as to the historic need to build up an independent national organisation like NUBE. The speakers were confident that the NUBE has a great future and that it would make permanent impact on the Bank employees' trade union movement in India.
The speakers also were sure that the basic principles of NUBE were such that they were bound to appeal to the bank employees in the country and provide their movement with purposeful direction and effectiveness. The speakers pledged themselves to make NUBE the strongest organisation of Bank employees and the sole spokesman for such employees.
It was clear that the delegates wanted that the organisational structure of NUBE is such that it will be able to take care of the organisational needs of the Bank employees in the whole of public sector. In the animated discussions on the various provisions of the constitution, the aims and objects of NUBE; were discussed threadbare. The constitution as it emerged from the debate was passed unanimously. It was noteworthy that the constitution of NUBE had clearly provided that it shall not dabble in or associate itself with political affairs, either directly or indirectly having no bearing on problems of labour. The constitution clearly provides that NUBE should not be influenced or dominated by any political ideology. It had been clearly laid down that NUBE should function within the well defined principles and limitations guiding the functioning of any genuine trade Union.
On 23rd March, 1970, representatives from different parts of the country participating in the convention, reported on the situation prevailing in their respective areas as regards the Bank employees trade union movement.
They also gave an idea about the opportunities that are available for the NUBE to spread its activities in those areas. The representatives also indicated that the politically dominated organisations have started making determined efforts to create confusion, to resort to violence and character assassination and other base methods to prevent the growth and the spread of NUBE. In the light of the discussion, the resolution on organisational prospective and policies was adopted with a firm determination to carry message of NUBE to every Bank employee of the country and win him to the fold of NUBE.
In absence of any fixed criteria for recognition of Unions, the intrusive and exploitative political parties dominated in many banks exploiting the interest of the majority members of the Bank. We can recall the sufferings of Bank of Baroda employees during the Seventies.
Although the All India Bank of Baroda Employees Federation was commanding the overwhelming majority of Workmen Staff employed in that Bank and the management was signing all agreements with the Federation alone-the Federation was not formally recognised by the management, on the contrary they negotiated with a "Coordination Committee" representing a small fraction of employees because they enjoyed the support of a union of bank employees which were recognised by a national political party. With the nationalisation of Banks in July 1969 the IBA changed their policy abruptly and decided to deal with exclusively with a National Union supported by a political party which was at that time a partner of Central Government in political affairs.
As a sequel to that I.B.A. signed a bipartite wage settlement with that Union alone completely ignoring all other unions in the banking sector. Mr. Nariman, Vice Chairman of IBA whimsically adopted majority concept in negotiating with the unions but refrained from explaining how he would determine the majority criteria. No doubt tacit support of the government to a political party which agreed to be its partner in the national politics prompted the 'IBA to take a changed stand.
The bank employees became a victim being caught in the knot of political alliances in national politics.
Against this background we understand how difficult it was for NUBE to get recognition from IBA and the government.
Resolution adopted unanimously on recognition to NUBE
This convention hereby declares that NUBE represents a majority of Bank Employees in the public sector. Therefore, it calls upon the Government of India and Indian Banks Association to recognise it as the sole collective bargaining agent for Bank Employees in the public sector.
This Convention notes with regret that the Indian Banks' Association has been evading the question of holding negotiations with NUBE in the matter of revision of service conditions. This convention hereby makes it categorically clear that the Indian Banks' Association as the organisational representative for the 14 nationalised Bank and 7 subsidiaries of State Bank of India, and the Government shall be guilty of inviting a disastrous situation in the Banking Industry, if they delay recognizing the NUBE, as the sole collective bargaining agent on behalf of Bank Employees in the public sector.
This meeting makes it very clear that NUBE and its constituent Units shall not be bound by any agreement or settlement of any nature that Indian Banks Association may reach with any other union that claims to represent employees in public sector. So far as NUBE is concerned, such an agreement shall be treated as just a scrap of paper.
This Convention makes it clear further that it shall be the sustained endeavour of NUBE to prevent the implementation of such an agreement if the same is sought to entrust on the members of NUBE. This Convention directs the Central Committee to assess the present situation in this regard, vis-a-vis the attitude of Indian Banks Association and Government of India and authorises it to take all necessary steps including measures of sustained agitation culminating in sine-die strike should such measures become necessary to safeguard the interests of Bank Employees and if peaceful process fail to yield the desired result.
This Convention hopes that wiser counsels will prevail with Government of India and Indian Banks' Association and that in the interests of industrial peace in the Industry; they will immediately recognise NUBE and invite it for negotiations.
Guiding Principle of NUBE
NUBE decided to guide itself and confine its activities solely within the well defined principle of collective bargaining and in matters connected with labour welfare alone.
NUBE decided neither to dabble in or associate itself with political affairs having no bearing on the labour nor to allow itself to be influenced or dominated by any political ideology.
NUBE grew in strength and duly staked its claim in as the biggest oganisation of Bank employees for a place as a bargaining Agent in negotiations with the IBA in 1970. But the Government of those times, due to its political dependence on the political party controlling AIBEA ignored the claims of NUBE and conferred the status of sole bargaining Agent on the political totems – AlBEA.
Last ditch effort to Save NUBE from political clutches
A general meeting of all members of different affiliates of NUBE was held on the 3rd August 1973 at State Bank of India Calcutta Main Branch where the leaders of NUBE addressed the gathering. It was actually a frantic effort of the leaders of NUBE to save the organisation from the clutches of the political forces who were very active to disrupt the organisation.
Leaders of NUBE who addressed the gathering coming from different parts of the country gave a clarion call to one and all for their whole-hearted and unstinted support for formation and activation of NUBE units at different parts of the country for better and healthy trade unionism in the Banking sector. From the deliberations of the leaders it was crystal clear that the relation between NUBE and AlBEA at that period was at the nadir, and they continuously hurled attack against each other. They considered each other to be a rival in the industry.
The splinter organisation functioning in State Bank namely State Bank of India Employees Association an INTUC affiliated Union and NUBE were at loggerheads.
The meeting reaffirmed its faith in independent and democratic trade unionism free from any political domination or bias - and, accordingly calls upon the Bank Employees of the Country to rally under the banner of the National Union of Bank Employees which has been formed solely in pursuit of the abovementioned objectives.
Dark days of emergency
During the dark days of national emergency the unity and solidarity of the bank employees in the entire banking sector forged so dearly by the constituents of NUBE were shattered.
The scenario altered dramatically in 1975-76 during the dark days of National Emergency when due to political patronage enjoyed by AlBEA with the then Government, NUBE was once again ignored as a party to the Industry-level Tripartite forum convened by the Government
Some of the circle associations of the All India State Bank of India Staff Federation directly took affiliation of INTUC in April 1976 and much to the chagrin and hesitation All India State Bank of India Staff Federation confederated with INBEC and took affiliation of INTUC and constituents of NUBE were in disarray.
NUBE remained non-functioning temporarily. Hesitations of the constituents of NUBE to be affiliated with a political party -dominated Trade Union organisation are clear from available documents of this period.
An important letter written by Shri G. Ramanujam to Com. O. P. Gupta in May 1976 speaks volume about the hesitation to abide by the diktat of political masters.
"Dear Shri Guptaji,
I am hearing all kinds of rumours saying that you have agreed for a Confederation with S.B.I. Staff Federation. If it is true, I hope you would have reached such an agreement, subject to the three conditions that I have made clear to you on the morning of 13th May, 1976 at Delhi viz.,
1) That unions from State Bank of India have already joined INTUC will continue to remain so and will not in any manner be embarrassed:
2) That the Confederation will function under INTUC discipline!
3) That the Confederation arrangement is purely temporary and the S.B.I. Staff Federation will merge with INTUC within say six months.
May I request you to please confirm that the three conditions have been categorically agreed to by both sides? Otherwise, INTUC will have no interest in such a Confederation.
As days passed by, as will happen with any Organisation, which is not independent but functions as a satellite of political party, several other Bank employees' Trade Unions grew disenchanted with AlBEA and seceded from the strangle hold of AlBEA and formed INBEC in 1973. Com. O. P. Gupta took courageous lead and played a pivotal role in formation of INBEC by inspiring several Bank employees' Organisations.
Thereafter, when all the partners of NUBE joined INBEC, it emerged as a Mighty Organisation. Soon after lifting of emergency, INBEC snapped its ties with INTUC and once again emerged, in letter and spirit, as a true and genuine Non-Party Independent Organisation subscribing to the philosophy, ideology and ideals of NUBE and working in the direction in which NUBE and INBEC had set for themselves.
During the Third Bipartite when a tiny faction of disgruntled political stooges began resorting to litigation after litigation claiming to be real INBEC and were keen to prolong the culmination of the Third Bipartite Settlement to the discomfiture of INBEC, in a meeting of the National Executive Committee at Delhi on the 17th June, 1979, INBEC renamed itself as NCBE "National Confederation of Bank Employees" - to avoid vexatious litigation and to facilitate early signing of Third Bipartite Settlement in the larger interests of Bank Employees.
It can thus be seen that the evolution and growth of National Confederation of Bank Employees dates back to 1920s. Today several Organisations of Bank employees, both small and big, led by employees with missionary zeal to safe-guard the interests of the Bank employees and to secure a better future for them, are the proud partners in the onward march of NCBE. Though affiliates of NCBE might have been under different banners in the past, today a common thread of fraternity, ideological affinity, unanimity of purpose and endeavour to achieve similar goals, runs through all the affiliates, binds and unites the affiliates into a strong and viable organisation as a genuine voice and hope of the Bank employees of the country.
SHORT HISTORY OF NCBE (National Confederation of Bank Employees)
IMMEDIATELY AFTER LIFTING OF NATIONAL EMERGENCY INBEC DISAFFILIATED ITSELF FROM INTUC. CONSTITUENTS OF NUBE WITH OTHER TRADE UNION ORGANISATIONS IN BANKING INDUSTRY REUNITED UNDER THE BANNER OF INBEC, NOW AN INDEPENDENT ORGANISATION.
Birth of NCBE
In this year INBEC fought a legal battle in Calcutta High Court regarding a dispute challenging the authority to use the name of the organisation INBEC even after being disaffiliated from INTUC.
The constituents of INBEC and former NUBE now changed the name and NCBE is born.
Since 1979 the triumphant strides of NCBE progress with unflinching courage and firm commitments to follow the independent path of non-political trade unionism. NCBE remains firm in its commitments to help the economically weaker section of the country and to safe-guard the interest of the bank employees against all sorts of exploitations.
Indeed, the history and struggles of the affiliates of NCBE is the history and struggles of Bank Employees' Trade Union Movement of the Country. Like sacred Ganges assimilates, in its own majestic way, several tributaries, with the ideology and ideals that bind the affiliates, NCBE has assimilated, in its glorious history, several Unions and has grown today to its present stature. Every member of NCBE has ample reasons to be proud of their heritage in the evolution and growth of NCBE.